The concept of permaculture was created by the Australians Bill Millison and David Holmgren in the 1980s. It is a combination of the two words "permanent" and "agriculture".
Long-term instead of short-term
Permaculture is ethically bound to sustainability.
Diversity instead of monocultures
The design and conservation of diversity is a key objective of permaculture. Natural ecosystems always serve as an example when designing in permaculture.It is important that each element of a garden always serves more than one purpose. For example the pool is habitat for the fish and other aquatic animals. But is it also part of the irrigation system and can be used for bathing. Our ducks give eggs and also eat snails and fertilize the property. And our donkeys feed on the invasive black cherry and protect the sheep and goats from wolves. Diversity can also be found in the selection of vegetable varieties that are not planted separately as in conventional agriculture but in mixed cultures. This is how onions protect carrots from the carrot fly and tagetes attract snails away from the vegetables. Parasites that specifically harm one kind of vegetable produce less harm in a mixed culture than in a monoculture.
Optimize instead of maximize
To increase the yield, permaculture strives to optimize instead of maximize.
Cooperation instead of competition
We leave the garden as much as possible to itself to keep it productive with the least possible energy input.